AbstractThe aim of this review is to integrate non-exhaustive relevant data on the phenotype of human plasma cells (PC), including normal, reactive and malignant (multiple myeloma, MM) PC. This review focuses on (i) a universal marker of both normal and malignant plasma cells, CD138; (ii) markers related to malignancy i.e., CD19, CD27, CD28, and CD56; (iii) markers associated with signaling and severity of MM (CD45, CD221). Finally, this review presents data from normal PC up to human myeloma cell lines in order to: (i) define different entities of MM based on expression of CD19, CD20, CD27 and CD117; and (ii) identify new therapeutic targets.
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Vol. 91 No. 9 (2006): September, 2006 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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