Little is known about the transition mechanisms that govern early lymphoid lineage progenitors from common lymphoid progenitors (CLPs). Pellino2 (PELI2) is a newly discovered E3 ubiquitin ligase, which plays important roles in inflammation and immune system. However, the physiological and molecular roles of PELI2 in the differentiation of immune cells are largely unknown. Here, by using a conditional knockout mouse model, we demonstrated that PELI2 is required for the early B-cell development and stressed hematopoiesis. PELI2 interacted with and stabilized PU.1 via K63- polyubiquitination to regulate IL-7R expression. The defects of B cell development induced by PELI2 deletion were restored by overexpression of PU.1. Similarly, PELI2 promoted TCF3 protein stability via K63- polyubiquitination to regulate IL-7R expression, which is required for the proliferation of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cells. These results underscore the significance of PELI2 in both normal B lymphopoiesis and malignant B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia via the regulation of IL-7R expression, providing a potential therapeutic approach for BCP-ALL.
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