We evaluated patients with relapsed multiple myeloma with renal impairment (RI treated with standard of care ide-cel, as outcomes with CAR-T therapy are unknown in this population. RI was defined as creatinine clearance (CrCl < 50 ml/min. CrCl of < 30 ml/min or dialysis dependence were defined as severe RI. The study cohort included 214 patients, 28 (13% patients with RI, including 11 patients severe RI (dialysis, n=1. Patients with RI were older, more likely to be female and had higher likelihood of having R-ISS stage 3 disease. Rates and severity of CRS (89% vs 84%, grade ≥ 3: 7% vs 2% and ICANS (23% vs 20% were similar in patients with and without RI, respectively. Patients with RI had higher incidence of short-term ≥ grade 3 cytopenias, although cytopenias were similar by 3 months following CAR-T. Renal function did not worsen after CAR-T in patients with RI. Response rates (93% vs 82% and survival outcomes (median PFS: 9 vs 8 months, p=0.26 were comparable in patients with and without RI, respectively. Treatment with ide-cel is feasible in patients with RI, with a comparable safety and efficacy profile as patients without RI, with notable exception of higher short-term high-grade cytopenias.
Figures & Tables
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.