Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) and Factor VIII (FVIII) circulate in a noncovalent complex in blood and promote primary haemostasis and clotting respectively. A new VWF A1-domain binding aptamer, BT200, demonstrated good subcutaneous bioavailability and a long half-life in non-human primates.
This first-in-human, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial tested the hypothesis that BT200 is well tolerated and has favourable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects in 112 volunteers.
Participants received one of the following: Single ascending dose of BT200 (0.18-48mg) subcutaneously, an intravenous dose, BT200 with concomitant desmopressin or multiple doses. Pharmacokinetics were characterised, and the pharmacodynamic effects were measured by VWF levels, FVIII clotting activity, ristocetin induced aggregation, platelet function under high shear rates, and thrombin generation.
Mean half-lives ranged from 7-12 days and subcutaneous bioavailability increased dosedependently exceeding 55% for doses of 6-48 mg. By blocking free A1 domains, BT200 dose-dependently decreased ristocetin-induced aggregation, and prolonged collagenadenosine diphosphate and shear-induced platelet plug formation times. However, BT200 also increased VWF antigen and FVIII levels 4-fold (p<0.001), without increasing VWF propeptide levels, indicating decreased VWF/FVIII clearance. This, in turn, increased thrombin generation and accelerated clotting. Desmopressin-induced VWF/FVIII release had additive effects on a background of BT200. Tolerability and safety was generally good, but exaggerated pharmacology was seen at saturating doses.
This trial identified a novel mechanism of action for BT200: BT200 dose-dependently increases VWF/FVIII by half-life prolongation at doses well below those which inhibit VWFmediated platelet function. This novel property can be exploited therapeutically to enhance haemostasis in congenital bleeding disorders.
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