AbstractSome reports suggest that immunologic mechanisms may play a role in the pathogenesis of anemia in idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). Herein we report the case of a transfusion dependent IMF patient with psoriasis in whom cyclosporin-A (CyA) treatment for skin lesions (200 mg/day) was associated with long-lasting correction of anemia. After 2 months of CyA therapy the patient's Hb level increased and he became transfusion free in 4 months. After 12 months immunosuppressive therapy was discontinued due to renal toxicity, yet the Hb level remained stable for an additional 12 months. The patient is currently being administered CyA at a reduced dosage because of mild renal impairment along with transfusional support consisting of a median of 2 red cell units/month. Altogether the patient received no transfusional support for 36 months. This case, as well as other reports, suggests that the issue of immunosuppressive treatment in IMF anemia deserves further investigation.
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Vol. 82 No. 4 (1997): July, 1997 : Case Reports
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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