Granulocyte transfusions from G-CSF stimulated donors were added to standard anti-infective treatment in preparation for and during allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a young man affected by very severe acute aplastic anemia and invasive aspergillosis. Nine concentrates with a mean neutrophil content of 18.7 x 10(9)/L (2.6 x 10(8)/kg patient b.w.) were transfused before and after marrow infusion. An impressive clinical improvement was noticed after each granulocyte transfusion, although this was not always paralleled by a neutrophil increase in the peripheral blood. Engraftment (N > 0.5 x 10(9)/L and Plt > 25 x 10(9)/L) was verified at +16 and +40 days, respectively. The patient is currently in complete hematological and microbiological remission 14 months after transplantation. Granulocyte apheresis from G-CSF stimulated donors provides a high number of activated neutrophils. At the dose given (300 micrograms/day) donor tolerance to G-CSF was excellent. This new approach is indicated when life-threatening infections develop in patients exposed to prolonged severe neutropenia.
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Vol. 82 No. 1 (1997): January, 1997 : Case Reports
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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How to Cite
L Catalano, R Fontana, N Scarpato, M Picardi, S Rocco, B Rotoli. Combined treatment with amphotericin-B and granulocyte transfusion from G-CSF-stimulated donors in an aplastic patient with invasive aspergillosis undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Haematologica 1997;82(1):71-72; https://doi.org/10.3324/%x.