AbstractTo verify the potential clinical and prognostic value of BCR/ABL isoforms, we analyzed 101 consecutive adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia enrolled in the GIMEMA 0496 trial between October 1996 and December 1999. A p190 or p210 with or without p190 BCR/ABL transcript was documented in 59 (58.5%) and 42 cases (41.5%), respectively. At diagnosis, a white cell count <16 x 10(9)/L and a higher level of CD34 and CD33 expression were associated with the p190 BCR/ABL transcript (p<0.05, p=0.009 and p=0.03, respectively). A complete remission was achieved in 62/92 (67.4%) patients, while 16/92 (17.4%) were resistant and 14/92 (15.2%) died of therapy-related complications. Fifty-two patients underwent intensive re-induction treatment, which was followed by stem cell transplant consolidation in the 36 in persistent complete remission (allogeneic = 20 patients; autologous = 16 patients). Response rates to induction therapies were similar in the two BCR/ABL isoform groups. By contrast, the p190 emerged as the only independent prognostic factor favorably affecting the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates (p=0.008 and p=0.02, respectively).
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Vol. 91 No. 3 (2006): March, 2006 : Comparative Studies
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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