AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cytochrome P4502C9 (CYP2C9) is the main enzyme implicated in coumarinic metabolism. Variant alleles, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3, have been related to decreased enzymatic activity, but their clinical relevance in acenocoumarol metabolism has not been established. We investigated CYP2C9 polymorphisms in relation to acenocoumarol dose requirement, stability of anticoagulation and bleeding. DESIGN AND METHODS: CYP2C9 genotyping was performed in 325 acenocoumarol-treated patients (INR target between 2.0 and 3.0) and in an additional group of 84 patients with repeated bleeding. RESULTS: Patients with the wild-type CYP2C9*1/*1 genotype (n=169) required a higher maintenance dose of acenocoumarol (17.1 8.7 mg/week) than did patients with the CYP2C9*2 (14.6 6.4 mg/week, p<0.05, N=97) or the CYP2C9*3 allele (11.2 6.2 mg/week, p<0.001, n=59). Out of 170 patients requiring a low-dose of acenocoumarol (<70 years (OR=3.73, 95%CI=2.29-6.08, p<0.001), and the CYP2C9*3 allele (OR=4.75, 95%CI=2.36-9.55, p <0.001). Carriers of CYP2C9*3 spent less time within the therapeutic range (64.7 23.1%) than did patients with the CYP2C9*1/*1 genotype (75.1 22.0%, p<0.01), and more frequently had an INR >4.5 at the initiation of treatment (43.9% vs.11.6%, p<0.001), but did not show repeated bleeding more frequently (19.0% vs.15.5%, p=NS). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: CYP2C9*3 is related to lower acenocoumarol dose requirements, a higher frequency of over-anticoagulation at the initiation of therapy and an unstable anticoagulant response.
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Vol. 87 No. 11 (2002): November, 2002 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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