Chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) is a myeloproliferative disease characterized by excessive eosinophilic proliferation with clonal cytogenetic abnormalities. The most frequent cytogenetic abnormality is a break in the q 31-35 region of chromosome 5, where genes encoding for IL-3, IL-5 and GM-CSF (all cytokines involved in eosinophilopoiesis) are located. We report the case of a patient with CEL with t(1;5) (q23;q31), who obtained complete hematologic and major cytogenetic response after two years of alpha-interferon (alpha-IFN) therapy. Two other cases of complete response to alpha-IFN are reported in the literature. A trial with alpha-IFN could be considered as front line treatment in this rare disease.
Vol. 84 No. 7 (1999): July, 1999 : Case Reports
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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