AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: 13q14 deletion frequently occurs as a single anomaly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with favorable prognosis. This study was performed to assess the distribution of 13q14 deletion in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and to analyze its correlation with salient clinicopathologic features. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five NHL were analyzed by cytogenetics and by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using a 13q14 cosmid probe recognizing DNA sequences between the Rb gene and the D13S25 marker. Clinical records all patients were surveyed. RESULTS: A 13q14 rearrangement was present in the stemline in 10 patients; 15 additional cases were shown by FISH to carry 13q14 deletion in 55-90% of the interphase cells, giving a 20% overall incidence for this anomaly. Six of 44 patients had a low-grade NHL, 14/28 had mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), 5/42 had a high grade NHL (p<0.0001). There was not correlation between 13q, karyotype status and complexity. A statistically significant association was found between 13q-, presence of splenomegaly and PB involvement, lower probability of attaining complete remission (CR) and shorter survival. These findings were not simply a function of the association of 13q- with MCL. In multivariate analysis, a complex karyotype had prognostic importance (p=0.0078), along with age (p=0.01), histology (p=0.001), LDH (p=0.03), PS (p=0.001), sex (p=0.03) and splenomegaly (p=0.02). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: 13q14 deletion represented an early chromosome change and showed a preferential association with MCL, though it was found in virtually all principal histologic subtypes, irrespective of clinical stage, karyotype status and complexity. Patients with 13q14 deletions had a low CR rate, suggesting that genes relevant to lymphomagenesis are located in this chromosome segment that warrants molecular cytogenetic investigation.
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Vol. 84 No. 7 (1999): July, 1999 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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