- Ana Cañete1,
- Rita Carmona1,
- Laura Ariza1,
- Maria Jose Sanchez2,
- Anabel Rojas3 and
- Ramon Muñoz-Chápuli1,*
- 1 Department of Animal Biology, University of Malaga, Spain;
- 2 CABD University Pablo Olavide Seville, Spain;
- 3 Andalusian Center of Molecular Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Seville, Spain
- ↵* Corresponding author; email:
GATA transcription factors are expressed in mesoderm and endoderm during development. GATA1-3, but not GATA4, are critically involved in hematopoiesis. An enhancer (G2) of the mouse Gata4 gene directs its expression throughout the lateral mesoderm and the allantois, beginning at E7.5, becoming restricted to the septum transversum by E10.5, and disappearing by midgestation. We have studied the developmental fate of the G2-Gata4 cell lineage using a G2-Gata4Cre;R26REYFP mouse line. We found a substantial number of YFP+ hematopoietic cells of lymphoid, myeloid and erythroid lineages in embryos. Fetal CD41+/cKit+/CD34+ and Lin-/cKit+/CD31+ YFP+ hematopoietic progenitors were much more abundant in the placenta than in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros area. They were clonogenic in the Methocult assay and fully reconstituted hematopoiesis in myeloablated mice. YFP+ cells represented about 20% of the hematopoietic system of adult mice. Adult YFP+ hematopoietic stem cells constituted a long-term repopulating, transplantable population. Thus, a lineage of adult hematopoietic stem cells is characterized by the expression of GATA4 in their embryonic progenitors and probably by its extraembryonic (placental) origin, although GATA4 appeared not to be required for hematopoietic stem cell differentiation. Both lineages basically showed similar physiological behavior in normal mice, but clinically relevant properties of this particular hematopoietic stem cell population should be checked in physiopathological conditions.
- Received September 2, 2016.
- Accepted December 28, 2016.
- Copyright © 2017, Ferrata Storti Foundation