In hemophilia, the unmet needs regarding adherence to prophylaxis and lack of effective longterm prophylaxis regimens, especially in patients with inhibitors, led to the production of emicizumab, the first non-factor medicine for subcutaneous administration in patients with severe and moderate hemophilia A with or without factor VIII inhibitors. This article describes the research steps behind the development of this game-changer medication, its success for the prophylaxis of bleeding episodes as witnessed by the results of pivotal clinical trial but also by real life use in the frame of a still expanding global market. We shall also discuss potential and actual adverse events and the nuances related to clinical use such as laboratory monitoring, development of neutralizing anti-drug-antibodies, risk of thrombosis/hypercoagulability and use in the management of surgical operations. The potential of using emicizumab to prevent bleeding in other congenital and acquired coagulation disorders will also be sketched.
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