Survival from extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) has substantially improved over the last decade. However, there is little consensus as to whether a population of patients with ENKTCL can be considered “cured” of the disease. We aimed to evaluate the statistical “cure” of ENKTCL in the modern treatment era. This retrospective multicentric study reviewed the clinical data of 1955 patients with ENKTCL treated with non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy between 2008 and 2016 in China Lymphoma Collaborative Group multicenter database. A non-mixture cure model with incorporation of background mortality was fitted to estimate cure fractions, median survival times and cure time points. The relative survival curves attained plateau for the entire cohort and most subsets, indicating that the notion of cure was robust. The overall cure fraction was 71.9%. Median survival was 1.1 years in uncured patients. The cure time was 4.5 years, indicating that beyond this time, mortality in ENKTCL patients was statistically equivalent to that in the general population. Cure probability was associated with B symptoms, stage, performance status, lactate dehydrogenase, primary tumor invasion, and primary upper aerodigestive tract site. Elderly patients (>60 years) had similar cure fraction to that of younger patients. Five-year overall survival rate correlated well with the cure fraction across risk-stratified groups. Thus, statistical cure is possible in ENKTCL patients receiving current treatment strategies. Overall probability of cure is favorable, though it is affected by presence of risk factors. These findings have a high potential impact on clinical practice and patients’ perspective.
Figures & Tables
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.