AbstractBackground Approximately 40% of adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia achieve long-term survival following unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in first complete remission but severe graft-versus-host disease remains a problem affecting survival. Although T-cell depletion abrogates graft-versus-host disease, the impact on disease-free survival in acute lymphoblastic leukemia is not known.Design and Methods We analyzed the outcome of 48 adults (median age 26 years) with high-risk, Philadelphia-chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia undergoing T-cell depleted unrelated donor-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (67% 10 of 10 loci matched) in first complete remission reported to the British Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry from 1993 to 2005.Results T-cell depletion was carried out by in vivo alemtuzumab administration. Additional, ex vivo T-cell depletion was performed in 21% of patients. Overall survival, disease-free survival and non-relapse mortality rates at 5 years were 61% (95% CI 46–75), 59% (95% CI 45–74) and 13% (95% CI 3–25), respectively. The incidences of grades II–IV and III–IV acute graft-versus-host disease were 27% (95% CI 16–44) and 10% (95% CI 4–25), respectively. The actuarial estimate of extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease at 5 years was 22% (95%CI 13–38). High-risk cytogenetics at diagnosis was associated with a lower 5-year overall survival (47% (95% CI 27–71) vs. 68% (95% CI 44–84), p=0.045).Conclusions T-cell depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors can result in good overall survival and low non-relapse mortality for adults with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission and merits prospective evaluation.
Figures & Tables
Vol. 94 No. 10 (2009): October, 2009 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
Statistics from Altmetric.com