AbstractWe describe the genotype/phenotype correlation in a 35 year old anemic female referred to our laboratory because a fast eluting minor fraction on HPLC, mild hemolysis and hematological parameters suggesting a Thalassemia trait, eventually in combination with iron depletion. Direct sequencing of the alpha globin genes revealed heterozygosity for HbJ-Meerut, a Glu-->Ala substitution at residue 120 not justifying the hematological parameters. No other point mutations were found on the alpha genes and Gap-PCR excluded the 6 common deletion defects. Direct sequencing of the beta-globin genes revealed the IVS-I-5 (G-->C) transversion in absence of the elevated HbA2 levels usually measured in carriers of this beta-Thalassemia mutation. The HbA2 tetramer in the presence of HbJ-Meerut divides in two parts. One alphaN2/delta2 migrating on the right spot on HPLC. The other alphaJ2/delta2 migrating under the HbA fraction. Classic alkaline electrophoresis and the modern capillary electrophoresis CE showed these two tetramers and the reduction of the elevated HbA2 level of the beta-Thalassemia trait by at least 20% due to HbA2 Meerut.
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Vol. 91 No. 12_Suppl (2006): December, 2006 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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