AbstractMultidrug resistance is a major cause of treatment failure in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). P-glycoprotein (PGP) over-expression has an unfavorable prognostic significance, while the role of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is less clear, especially in AML patients with a normal karyotype. We studied 73 consecutive AML patients with a normal karyotype. BCRP was over-expressed in 24 patients (33%) and was significantly co-expressed with PGP (13/24 vs 11/49, p=0.006) and with CD56. Only PGP, along with age and CD34, affected the achievement of complete remission (p=0.02), while BCRP-positive cases showed an increased risk of relapse (p=0.005) and a shorter disease-free survival (p=0.027). BCRP over-expression did not influence the achievement of remission, but significantly affected the duration of complete remissions. BCRP may, therefore, be regarded as a prognostic factor in patients with normal karyotype AML, for the design of risk-adapted post-remission therapy.
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Vol. 91 No. 6 (2006): June, 2006 : Articles
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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