AbstractThe expression of proteins of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family on erythroblasts was measured during thalidomide treatment in 29 patients with multiple myeloma (MM). A clinical response was observed in 17 patients (58.6%) and haemoglobin concentration increased in 22 patients (75.9%). The expression of FasL, Fas, TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and TRAIL-R1 on erythroblasts decreased significantly during thalidomide treatment. Additional in vitro studies revealed that the apoptosis of erythroblasts and the expression of FasL, TRAIL, TRAIL-R1 and TRAIL-R2 was lower in cultures with thalidomide than in control cultures. Altogether our results suggest that thalidomide may stimulate erythropoiesis in MM patients by decreasing the expression of TNF-like ligands/receptors on erythroblasts.
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Vol. 91 No. 3 (2006): March, 2006 : Comparative Studies
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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