BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interferon alpha2a (IFNalpha2a) mediates important antiviral, antiproliferative and immunomodulatory responses and is employed in the treatment of human diseases, including chronic myelogenous leukemia. Here, we report the IFNalpha2a-dependent expression profiles of three malignant cell lines derived from liver, lymphocytes and muscle. DESIGN AND METHODS: The experiments were performed in the presence of cycloheximide, thus our results exclusively reflect direct transcriptional modulation. The short exposure time i.e. 5 hours evidences only the early events, excluding the effects of complex phenotypic changes on the expression. RESULTS: Our findings indicate that IFNalpha2a rapidly up-regulates the expression of STAT1, STAT2 and ISGF3G genes. This activity should result in the amplification of the cellular response to the cytokine. Moreover, IFNalpha2a directly modulates the expression of: (i) important transcriptional factors, e.g. IRF1 and IRF7 which control pivotal cellular events, and (ii) enzymes involved in the IFNalpha2a-dependent antiviral and apoptotic response. Interestingly, we showed that the cytokine induces transcriptional expression of Sjogren's syndrome antigen A1, a protein involved in several autoimmune diseases. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: The observed changes induced by IFNalpha2a could be related to the development of autoimmune syndromes observed during IFNalpha2a treatment. A number of genes transcriptionally regulated by the cytokine have been identified for the first time; these might represent additional effectors of IFNalpha2a activity.
A Iolascon, S Volinia, A Borriello, L Giordani, A Moretti, V Servedio, N Maiorano, V Cucciolla, V Criniti, P Gasparini, S Indaco, F Della Ragione. Genes transcriptionally modulated by interferon alpha2a correlate with the cytokine activity. Haematologica 2004;89(9):1046-1053; https://doi.org/10.3324/%x.