AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: CD123 is an antibody that identifies the a chain of the human interleukin-3 receptor and is expressed in a variety of normal hematopoietic cells, acute leukemia and hairy cell leukemia (HCL). The aim of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of CD123 expression in B-cell disorders with circulating hairy and villous lymphocytes. DESIGN AND METHODS: We investigated the diagnostic value of CD123 expression in neoplastic cells from 59 patients with B-cell disorders with circulating hairy or villous lymphocytes: HCL (n=24), the variant form of HCL (n=11) and splenic lymphoma with villous lymphocytes (SLVL) (n=24). Cells from 12 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia were used as controls. Immunophenotypic analysis was performed by flow cytometry on 77 samples from peripheral blood (n=48), bone marrow (n=25) and spleen cell suspensions (n=4). RESULTS: Our findings show that cells from 95% of typical HCL express CD123 with strong to moderate intensity while this molecule is absent in circulating cells from most cases of HCL-variant (91%) and SLVL (97%). INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that CD123 is a useful new marker for distinguishing B-cell disorders with circulating villous lymphocytes as its expression is characteristic of typical HCL with high sensitivity and specificity. However CD123 does not allow the distinction between HCL-variant and SLVL, as both are CD123 negative.
Figures & Tables
Vol. 89 No. 3 (2004): March, 2004 : Clinical Trial
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
Statistics from Altmetric.com