AbstractThe Sebastian syndrome (SS) is a MYH9-related disorders, which are an extremely infrequent group of four autosomal dominant illnesses. SS consist of giant platelets, leukocyte inclusions and thrombocytopenia. To our knowledge, there are no case reports of this syndrome in South America. The propositus was a 35-year-old Argentine woman with a history of purpuric lesions in her lower limbs and thrombocytopenia. Idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) was previously diagnosed, but she did not respond to treatment with steroids. Family history failed to provide any evidence of hearing loss, easy bruising, nephritis, renal failure or cataracts. The patient and 11 members of her family were evaluated. The diagnosis of SS was established by demonstrating giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and leukocyte inclusions in peripheral smear in two relatives and by peripheral smear and electronic microscopy in the propositus. MYH9-related disorders should be suspected whenever a patient has a low platelet count or a bleeding diathesis of unknown origin. In these cases, the history, carefully peripheral smear exam, immunocytochemistry and electronic microscopy will be of great help. Differentiation ITP with SS is important to avoid unnecessary diagnostic studies and treatments.
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Vol. 88 No. 5 (2003): May, 2003 : Case Reports
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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