AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous Ara-C plus interferon (IFN) produces more cytogenetic responses than IFN in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) but a greater toxicity. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and tolerance of IFN plus oral Ara-C ocfosfate (YNK-01) in IFN-resistant CML patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: A phase II pilot study was conducted in 19 CML patients primarily resistant or with minimal cytogenetic response to IFN. Patients were scheduled to receive 6 monthly 14-day cycles of YNK-01 (500 mg/day), with progressive escalation if tolerated, in addition to IFN. Cytogenetic assessment was performed thereafter. RESULTS: Of the first 7 patients, 5 had severe hematologic and 5 moderate gastrointestinal toxicity; IFN was reduced in 6, YNK-01 in 5, and treatment discontinued in 2; hematologic response was achieved in 2 of the 5 evaluable patients. In the following 4 patients the Ara-C was reduced to 300 mg: 2 had severe hematologic and 2 moderate gastrointestinal toxicity; IFN and Ara-C were reduced in 2 patients and treatment discontinued in 2 due to progression or toxicity; the other 2 achieved a minor cytogenetic response, progressing in one to a major response after 6 more cycles. In 8 patients the starting Ara-C dose was 200 mg: 5 had moderate-severe hematologic and 5 mild gastrointestinal toxicity; IFN was reduced in 5, Ara-C in 1, and treatment discontinued in 1; Ara-C was increased in 7 cases; hematologic response was obtained in 4 patients, 2 of whom attained a minor and 1 a major cytogenetic response. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: These results provide background for future studies aimed at ascertaining the role of oral Ara-C combined with IFN or STI571 in newly diagnosed CML.
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Vol. 86 No. 12 (2001): December, 2001 : Clinical Trial
Ferrata Storti Foundation, Pavia, Italy
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