Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a multimeric hemostatic protein primarily synthesized in endothelial cells (ECs). VWF is stored in endothelial storage organelles, the Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), whose biogenesis strongly depends on VWF anterograde trafficking and Golgi architecture. Elongated WPB morphology is correlated to longer VWF strings with better adhesive properties. We previously identified the SNARE SEC22B, which is involved in anterograde ER-to-Golgi transport, as a novel regulator of WPB elongation. To elucidate novel determinants of WPB morphology we explored endothelial SEC22B interaction partners in a mass spectrometry-based approach, identifying the Golgi SNARE Syntaxin 5 (STX5). We established STX5 knockdown in ECs using shRNA-dependent silencing and analyzed WPB and Golgi morphology, using confocal and electron microscopy. STX5-depleted ECs exhibited extensive Golgi fragmentation and decreased WPB length, which was associated with reduced intracellular VWF levels, and impaired stimulated VWF secretion. However, the secretionincompetent organelles in shSTX5 cells maintained WPB markers such as Angiopoietin 2, Pselectin, Rab27A, and CD63. Taken together, our study has identified SNARE protein STX5 as a novel regulator of WPB biogenesis.
Figures & Tables
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.